Phenomenological analysis of rapidity distribution of negative pions in central 12C+12C collisions at √snn = 3.14 GeV

The dependences of the shapes of transverse momentum distributions of the negative pions, produced in minimum bias 4He+12C collisions at a momentum of 4.2 GeV/c per nucleon, on collision centrality and fitting range of pt were analyzed systematically. To study the change in slopes (temperatures) of the pt spectra of π− with changing collision centrality and fitting pt range, the pt spectra, extracted from the experimental data and quark–gluon string model (QGSM) calculations, were fitted by the oneand two-temperature Hagedorn and Boltzmann functions. Fitting of the experimental pt distributions of π− in both the whole pt and pt = 0.1–1.2 GeV/c intervals required the two-temperature functions for adequate description of spectra, in agreement with the previous findings for different sets of colliding nuclei and various energies. On the whole, the absolute values of the extracted temperatures were lower in case of fitting range pt = 0.1–0.7 GeV/c as compared to the fitting interval pt = 0.1–1.2 GeV/c. The one-temperature functions were sufficient for fitting satisfactorily the experimental pt distributions of the negative pions in range pt = 0.1–0.7 GeV/c. In contrast to the experimental temperatures, the extracted QGSM temperatures were not sensitive to collision centrality and fitting range of pt.